17 Dec 2021

Humanitarian Intelligence and Early Warning for Protecting Climate Migrants

Climate change and the insecurity it stimulates have the potential to amplify existing conflicts, trigger conflicts over scarce resources, and trigger forced migration (refugees and internally displaced persons or IDPs) now and in the future. Climate conflicts converge with transnational criminal activity (cartels and gangs) and exacerbate violence against persons in fragile communities. These convergences have reduced the availability of areas that are safe for displaced persons, increased resource stresses, displaced additional populations, and made it harder for migrants to seek refuge in countries like the United States or nations in Europe. In this climate security context, what is intelligence and what is humanitarian intelligence?

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16 Oct 2020

Covid-19, Gangs, and Conflict

The Coronavirus pandemic is fueling conflict and fostering extremism while concurrently empowering gangs, cartels, and mafias in their quest for power and profit. In COVID-19, Gangs, and Conflict, OODA Network Experts John P. Sullivan and Robert J. Bunker bring together a curated collection of both new and previously published material to explore the trends and potentials of the global pandemic emergency. Topics include an exploration of proto-statemaking by criminal groups, the interaction of pandemics and conflict, as well as a comparison of gangs, criminal cartels, and mafias exploiting the crisis and exerting criminal governance in Brazil, El Salvador, Mexico, Colombia, and South Africa. Implications for national security, biosecurity, slums, transnational organized crime, and threats and opportunities in the contested pandemic space are assessed.

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27 Jan 2020

Mexican Cartel Adaptation and Innovation

Adaptation and innovation is a core component of successful organization competition among states and their militaries, businesses and corporations—and as argued here, organized crime groups—especially transnational criminal organizations (TCOs).  In order to gain supremacy organizations often introduce new technologies to foster this innovation, yet not all innovation is technological.  Indeed, non-state actors are often incubators of novel practices and non-technological innovation to further their goals and often to survive.  This brief assessment looks at non-technological innovation potentials among Mexican TCOs (criminal cartels and gangs).

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26 Apr 2019

Unmasking Maskirovka: Russia’s Cyber Influence Operations – OODA Network Expert Book Review

Unmasking Maskirovka: Russia’s Cyber Influence Operations examines Russian ‘Information Operations’ (InfoOps) as a tool of strategic influence.  This exploration is timely and relevant given the Russian assault on the American electoral process in the 2016 Presidential election—especially since the long-range implications are still being assessed.

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16 Jan 2019

Blood and Concrete – New Urban Operations Anthology Released

 Several OODA Network Experts have published a new book on urban operations.  This newly released anthology documents over a decade of writings on urban conflict:  Blood and Concrete: 21st Century Conflict in Urban Centers and Megacities. The editors, Dave Dilegge, Robert J. Bunker, John P. Sullivan, and Alma Keshavarz assembled a

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03 Aug 2018

Enhancing the Effectiveness of International Criminal Justice

Domain experts have called into question the effectiveness of the International Criminal Court.

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15 Dec 2016

Terrorists want to destroy our cities. We can’t let them

“Veteran police officer John Sullivan coined the term ‘urban siege’ in 2009 in the wake of the Mumbai attacks. The terrorists in India were highly organized and received guidance and real-time logistical support from offsite handlers in Pakistan. They were also hyper-connected: operatives were equipped with smartphones and used social

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01 Feb 2014

NIMS Intelligence/Investigations Function Guidance and Field Operations Guide

The National Incident Management System (NIMS) represents a core set of doctrine, concepts, principles, terminology, and organizational processes that enables effective, efficient, and collaborative incident management. The Incident Command System (ICS), as a component of NIMS, establishes a consistent operational framework that enables government, private sector, and nongovernmental organizations to

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02 Apr 2012

Government plans web and email surveillance to combat crime and terrorism

“Web browsing habits, email conversations and phone calls will be monitored by the government under new legislation set to be unveiled in May. The government is planning to announce the legislation in the Queen’s Speech in May, with Home Office confirming it believes such steps are necessary to tackle criminality

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13 Mar 2011

Organized Crime and Terrorist Activity in Mexico, 1999-2002

This study is based on open source research into the scope of organized crime and terrorist activity in the Republic of Mexico during the period 1999 to 2002, and the extent of cooperation and possible overlap between criminal and terrorist activity in that country. The analyst examined those organized crime

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