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3-D Printer Body Armor is Great for the U.S. Army—and Terrorists

“U.S. Army researchers have devised a method to produce ceramic body armor, lightweight but strong, from a 3-D printer. Except that 3-D printers are meant to print out knickknacks, not flak jackets. Which meant that engineers had to hack into the printer to get the job done. Ceramic armor, light but hard, provides great protection but can also be difficult to manufacture, notably in combining materials to create a strong com composite. ‘For ceramics, that’s a bit of a challenge because with you can’t really do a one-step additive manufacturing process like you could if a metal or a polymer,’ said Lionel Vargas-Gonzalez, a researcher at the Army Research Laboratory. Vargas-Gonzales sees 3-D printer ceramics as the ‘next avenue for armor because we’re going to be able to, in theory, design armor in a way that we can attach multiple materials together into a single armor plate, and be able to provide ways for the armor to perform better than it can be just based on one material alone.’

Even though it wasn’t in the printer manufacturer’s manual, Joshua Pelz, a materials science and engineering doctoral candidate at the University of California San Diego, figured out how to hack the printer. Yet the really interesting question isn’t just what a 3-D printer can produce, but who can produce it. If it’s technically possible— and now legal in the United States —to print 3-D guns, and it’s also feasible to print ceramic armor, then the possibilities are immense. But not necessarily for the better. Obviously, a military organization like the U.S. Army has access to specialized materials and expertise. Still, military technology tends to diffuse into civilian use. If someone can hack a 3-D printer into churning out firearms and body armor, then they can effectively outfit a light infantry force (and let’s not get into exotic items like drones or explosives). 3-D printing is a democratization of technology that allows people to produce things that were once built in factories, and now produced in the garage. Guns and body armor included.”

Source: 3-D Printer Body Armor is Great for the U.S. Army—and Terrorists | The National Interest

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