Since the early-2000s, an aberrant military doctrine unique to the Russian military has emerged: the use of weapons of mass destruction on a battlefield. The doctrine focuses on tactical-level weapons able to generate massive amounts of firepower to bring about surrender. Weaponized chemical or low-yield nuclear weapons, rather than fall into a special category (or to comply with the fact that one is internationally banned) instead are designed for battlefield use available as an option for warfighting and are justified in terms of an oscillating pair of strategic goals. Chris Flaherty provides a history of the doctrine and its potential impact in Ukraine.
Over the past 38 hours, over 1,000 rockets have been fired, mostly at Tel Aviv, by Palestinian militants. Israel has carried out hundreds of air strikes, destroying two tower blocks in Gaza on Tuesday and Wednesday. Since Monday, at least 43 Palestinians have been killed along with six Israelis. 13