Is hacking ethical?
The definition of hacker has changed radically over the years. With the aid of the mass media, the word has developed a negative connotation rather than the positive one it used to have. Add ethical in front of hacker, and it’s even more confusing. For the purposes of this article, I’ll define those hackers with malicious intent as “crackers.” Hackers can be categorized into the following three buckets: Hacktivists: Those who hack as a form of political activism. Hobbyist hackers: Those who hack to learn, for fun or to share with other hobbyists. Research and security hackers: Those concerned with discovering security vulnerabilities and writing the code fixes. Since The Hacker Manifesto was published in 1986, computer security has become a national concern, especially after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. The casual hacker no longer has the freedom to poke around public or private networks without raising the concerns of law enforcement agencies. Full Story